SharePoint 2016 Min Roles

The following table outlines each role that is available:

Server role Description
Front end Service applications, services, and components that serve user requests belong on front-end web servers. These servers are optimized for fast performance.
Application Service applications, services, and components that serve back-end requests, such as background jobs or search crawl requests, belong on Application servers. These servers are optimized for high throughput.
Distributed Cache Service applications, services, and components that are required for a distributed cache belong on Distributed Cache servers. Optionally, you can configure these servers to also load balance farm traffic using the SharePoint Request Manager.
Search Service applications, services, and components that are required for search belong on Search servers.
Custom Custom service applications, services, and components that do not integrate with MinRole belong on Custom servers. The farm administrator has full control over which service instances can run on servers assigned to the Custom role. MinRole will not control which service instances are provisioned on this role.
Single-Server Farm Service applications, services, and components required for a single-machine farm belong on a Single-Server Farm. A Single-Server Farm is meant for development, testing, and very limited production use. A SharePoint farm with the Single-Server Farm role cannot have more than one SharePoint server in the farm.

Important

Important

Important:

The Standalone Install mode is no longer available in SharePoint Server 2016 IT Preview. The Single-Server Farm role replaces the Standalone Install mode available in previous SharePoint Server releases. Unlike Standalone Install, the SharePoint administrator must separately install and prepare Microsoft SQL Server for SharePoint. The SharePoint administrator must also configure the SharePoint farm services and web applications, either manually or by running the Farm Configuration Wizard.